Istanbul New Airport or Third Airport is an international airport under construction in Arnavutköy district on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey.

 

The 3rd international Airport in Istanbul Turkey

 

The airport is poised to be the largest airport in the world, with a 150 million passenger annual capacity, and was planned due to lack of capacity in the existing airports of Istanbul. It will be the third international airport to be built in Istanbul.

The existing Atatürk Airport, on the European side of Istanbul, does not meet increasing demand and there is an increasing problem of air traffic congestion. There is no space to build an additional runway as the airport is absorbed within the city of Istanbul. North of the airport is covered with industrial areas where as east and west covered with residential areas. Because of the limited capacity, the Turkish Airspace Authority does not allow additional cargo or charter flights to the airport. Airlines which want to start new routes and/or to add additional flights cannot do so. Due to lack of slots and parking space some of Turkish Airlines aircraft are based in Sabiha Gökçen Airport which is on the Asian side of Istanbul. In 2014 Istanbul airports handled more than 80 million passengers.

Location

The new airport is constructed at the intersection of junction roads of Arnavutköy, Göktürk and Çatalca, north of European side of Istanbul between the Black Sea regions of Yeniköy and Akpınar. The construction zone is a 7,659-hectare region near Lake Terkos. Some 6,172 hectares of this area is state-owned forest. The distance between Istanbul New Airport and Atatürk Airport is approx. 35 km. The area encompasses old open-pit coal mines, which are having to be filled up with soil.

The tender for construction and 25-year contract for operation of the facility was held on May 3, 2013. The project is made up of four construction stages. After all stages are completed, the airport will be the biggest airport of the world with a passenger capacity of 150 million.
The first stage of construction is planned to finish within 42 months of the handover of the area.
Total project cost is expected to be approximately €7 billion, excluding financing costs. It has guaranteed 342 million passengers for 12 years.

At the bidding session on May 3, 2013, from fifteen Turkish and two foreign companies which were qualified as bidders, only four showed up. The Turkish joint venture consortium of Cengiz-Kolin-Limak-Mapa-Kalyon won the tender for Istanbul's third airport, and were obliged to pay the government €26.142 billion including value-added tax for a 25-year lease starting from 2017.

The completion of the construction's first stage is set for 2017, 42 months after the finalization of the tender approval. The groundbreaking ceremony took place in 2014, but construction only started in May 2015 after the official handover of the land.

First Stage

  • A main terminal with a total passenger capacity of 90 million, capable of all kinds of equipment for the use of passengers with an area of 680,000 m2 (7,300,000 sq ft).
  • Second terminal building or two satellite terminals. (170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft))
  • 88 aircraft passenger bridges at terminals
  • Indoor parking with 12,000 vehicles capacity
  • 3 independent runways
  • 8 parallel taxiways
  • Approximately 4,000,000 m2 (43,000,000 sq ft) apron
  • 3 technical blocks,
  • 1 air traffic control tower
  • VIP Lounge
  • Cargo and general aviation terminals
  • Other services including hospitals, prayer rooms, convention centers

Second Stage

  • 1 runway
  • 3 parallel taxiways

Third Stage

  • A terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers, built at sea side in an area of 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft)
  • 1 runway
  • 1 parallel taxiway
  • Apron

Fourth stage

  • A terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers, built in an area of 340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)
  • 1 runway

Upon completion

  • 6 runways
  • 16 taxiways
  • 150 million passengers capacity – can be extended to 200 million in future
  • 1,500,000 m2 (16,000,000 sq ft) indoor area
  • 165 aircraft passenger bridges at all terminals
  • 4 terminal buildings, with rail access between terminals
  • 3 technical blocks
  • 1 air traffic control tower
  • 8 ramp control towers
  • 6,500,000 m2 (70,000,000 sq ft) apron with 500 aircraft parking capacity
  • VIP Lounge
  • Cargo and general aviation terminals
  • State Palace
  • Indoor and outdoor parking with a capacity of approx. 70,000 cars
  • Aviation medical center
  • Aircraft rescue and firefighting stations
  • Garage buildings
  • Hotels
  • Convention centers
  • Power plants
  • Water treatment and waste facilities

 

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